Essential Visual Skills

If you think you or your child may be presenting with signs of reduced visual skills, book a free initial consultation now.

Essential Visual Skills

If you think you or your child may be presenting with signs of reduced visual skills, book a free initial consultation now.

Did you know that there are 17 essential ocular skills for success in reading, writing, sports and practically all of our daily activities?

01.

Eye Movement Control

The ability to move both eyes together to focus on an image or path. Each eye has six muscles that work together to control eye movement and position.

02.

Binocular Coordination

The ability of the two eyes to accurately work together, at the same time, as a team. If one eye is weaker than the other, the child may develop a lazy eye.

03.

Saccades

Quick, simultaneous movements of the two eyes between two or more focal points. This skill is essential for reading words and sentences across a page.

04.

Pursuits

Smooth movements of the two eyes between two focal points. This skill is required to move between paragraphs on a page or even look up at the teacher and then back down to one’s class notes.

05.

Convergence

The ability of the two eyes to work together as a team by turning in towards the nose and focusing on a book or computer screen. This skill is essential for academic success.

06.

Accommodation Flexibility

The ability of the eye to continuously change its focus between near and distant objects. This skill is needed for seeing the blackboard clearly and then quickly changing focus to be able to read one’s class notes.

07.

Accommodation Endurance

The ability of the eyes to maintain focus for reading and other close vision tasks over extended periods of time. This skill is required for homework and using a computer or laptop for many hours.

08.

Visual Memory

The ability to remember information such as words or images previously seen. Poor short-term visual memory can cause spelling difficulties and make it difficult to copy notes from the board.

09.

Visual Thinking

Also known as visual/spatial learning or picture thinking, is the ability to think and analyse what you have seen. This skill is needed for comprehension and math abilities.

10.

Central Visual Acuity

The ability to see clearly and accurately. This skill is measured with the term 20/20 or 6/6 vision, the “perfect” vision benchmark.

11.

Peripheral Vision (Side Vision)

The ability to see objects around us without turning our heads.

12.

Depth Perception

The ability to discern whether objects are closer or further away in relation to one another. This skill is crucial for both academic and athletic performance.

13.

Colour Perception

The ability to discriminate between colours. This skill is vital for accurately interpreting colour-coded materials (charts and graphs).

14.

Gross Visual-Motor

The ability to move through space using your visual information to guide you and prevent you from bumping into things. This skill is essential for playing sports.

15.

Fine Visual-Motor

The ability to engage in close-up activities with accuracy by using your visual information (i.e., reading, writing, sewing and texting).

16.

Visual Perception

The awareness of your environment and what is going on around you in your visual field (what you can see). This skill measures your total width of vision.

17.

Visual Integration

The ability to combine your vision with your other senses, to perform complex tasks (i.e., copying, reading while walking on a balance beam, threading a needle, tying shoelaces, catching or hitting a ball).